Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Pelvic Organ Prolapse occurs if pelvic organs such as the uterus, vagina, rectum and/or the bladder lose their supporting structures (ligaments). Usually, the supporting structures weaken over time which is a consequence of multiple variables. Many factors may contribute to this condition: genetics, vaginal deliveries, smoking, overweight, and persistent cough.
Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Guide for Women
What is pelvic organ prolapse?
What causes pelvic organs to prolapse?
Where can a prolapse occur?
How bad is my prolapse?
How can prolapse be treated?
What surgical approach is right for me?
Is it necessary to use a graft material during the surgery?
How successful is surgery?
Treatment Options for Pelvic Organ Prolapse
A vaginal pessary is a removable device placed into the vagina. It is designed to support areas of pelvic organ prolapse. There are a variety of pessaries available, made of rubber, plastic, or silicone-based material. Among common types of pessaries are the ring, the doughnut , and the Gellhorn .Your health professional will fit your pessary to hold the pelvic organs in position without causing discomfort. Pessaries come in a variety of sizes. Pessaries can be used successfully to treat other gynecologic conditions, such as urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse including rectocele and cystocele. Pessaries are usually used in patients who cannot tolerate surgical correction of an anatomical abnormality. Patients are evaluated if they are good surgical candidates for a surgical procedure. Occasionally, placement of a pessary is patient choice regardless if they are good surgical candidates.
Kegels exercises are pelvic floor muscles exercises which strengthen the pelvic area. They may improve symptoms of both stresses and urge urinary incontinence. It is important to perform the exercises on daily basis for 6 seconds 10-15 times a day. To be able to use the correct muscles, one has to learn which muscles are involved in holding urine during physical activity or coughing.